Sodium Bicarbonate or Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate is a white powder that has a slightly salty taste and is a widely approved food additive. It is known as Baking Soda, Bread Soda, Cooking Soda, and Bicarbonate of Soda.
It is mainly used in cooking (baking), as a leavening agent. It creates the characteristic texture and patterns in pancakes, cakes, breads, and many other baked and fried foods
Sodium bicarbonate was earlier used in cooking vegetables and is used to tenderise meats.
Add baking soda to the batter in appropriate quantity
As the reaction does not occur at room temperature, batters can be allowed to stand without rising until they are heated in the oven to around 80oC.
You can add baking soda to any recipes that contain a liquid like water and milk and an acidic compound like lemon juice, yoghurt, buttermilk and vinegar.